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Technical Specifications

Solid Insulation Materials for Increased Safety Electrical Equipment

Based on the Comparative Tracking Index (CTI), solid insulation materials used in enhanced-safety electrical equipment can be classified into three levels: I, II, and IIa, as shown in Table 1.9. According to the GB/T 4207-2012 “Methods for the Determination of the Electrical Tracking Indices of Solid Insulating Materials,” a grading of commonly used insulation materials is provided, as detailed in Table 1.10.

solid insulation materials

Material levelCompared to Traceability Index (CTI)

Beyond this material classification, the insulation materials must also meet operational temperature requirements. If enhanced-safety electrical equipment operates under permissible abnormal conditions at its rated operational state, its maximum working temperature should not adversely affect its mechanical and electrical properties. Therefore, the stable temperature of the insulation material should be at least 20°C higher than the equipment’s maximum operating temperature, and not lower than 80°C.
Material levelInsulation material
IGlazed ceramics, mica, glass
IIMelamine asbestos arc resistant plastic, silicone organic stone arc resistant plastic, unsaturated polyester group material
IIIAPolytetrafluoroethylene plastic, melamine glass fiber plastic, epoxy glass cloth board with surface treated with arc resistant paint

Designers can select the appropriate insulation materials based on the working voltage of the electrical equipment and other related requirements. If the aforementioned materials do not meet the design needs, other materials can be tested and graded as per the standard test method (GB/T 4207-2012).

It’s important to note that “solid insulation materials” refer to materials that are solid during operation. Some materials, which are liquid at the time of supply and solidify upon application, are also considered solid insulation materials, such as insulating varnishes.



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